This information about how to make a citation for a bibliography, when
source is an electronic page on the internet, is derived from a page created
by Melvin E. Page called A BRIEF CITATION GUIDE FOR INTERNET
SOURCES IN HISTORY AND HUMANITIES (Version 2.1). The author
provides the date of publication on the World Wide Web as 20 February 1996.
If this were a bibliography we would cite it as follows:
Page, Melvin E. "A Brief Citation Guide for Internet Sources in History and Humanities (Version 2.1)" <http://www.h-net.msu.edu/~africa/citation.html> February 1996
The pointed brackets are used to indicate the URL (Uniform Resource
The same convention applies to other electronic addresses such as e-mail.
In print, Page writes, it is not as vital to keep and electronic address to one line,
yet it is suggested that when breaking an Internet address, that the next line begin
with letters or numbers, rather than a symbol or punctuation mark, such as @, / or, :.
The exception to this is the ~.
For footnotes and Endnotes, of course, we would have to add the number
1. Page, Melvin E. "A Brief Citation Guide for Internet Sources in History and Humanities (Version 2.1)" <http://www.h-net.msu.edu/~africa/citation.html> February 1996
More information is available by going to the page created by Melvin E. Page at the URL in the above citation examples.
With our own pages, because we provide print versions for a number of
it is easy to find the title of the page and the URL for each page you may wish to cite. For example: Suppose you wish to include the observations about the expected death of the creature in Frankenstein made in our Frankenstein Exercise. If you use the link to the print version, the title of the page, "Frankenstein workout c" appears at the top left of the printed page. At least that is where it is with our Microsoft Windows program. The URL, in this case, http://hailmaryshelley.com/Frankenstein_exercisebcprt.htm appears at the top right of the page. So that is what you set off with the pointed brackets, as in the previous example. Of course, you don't have to print out the page. You can find the URL the the little box on your browser screen. The title of the page won't be there. Yet, a heading on the page itself, such as, "What there is to fear from Mary Shelley's exercise of untried resources of mind" should do for the title in a citation. The date of the first publication of this web site is April 21, 1999, which we have added to the main page under the title.
Remember that this contains many links to pages on other web sites,
most of which are either in the TCW index or in the section "about this
site and others". The citation
conventions will serve you as well at those sites, even though print versions are not often provided. If you are wondering what to do about crediting a source that is both part of a printed publication and an electronic page, as is the case with Shelley's Machinery on the Frankenstein tour of this site, we have wondered about that as well. If you prefer to credit the printed book, rather than the electronic page that reproduces it, the page numbers, publication year etc. are included in small print at the bottom of the reproduced page. The full title of To a Candid World is found at the link to purchase information [tcw.html#purchase].
We wish to thank Charlotte of the U. K. for the idea of including this
help for students and others who wish to cite electronic sources.
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